Skip to content

Understanding Osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that weakens the bones and increases the risk of fractures. It is a “silent disease,” because bone loss occurs without symptoms.


Risk Factors

  • Women and postmenopausal women
  • Men with significant smoking history
  • Family history
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Getting older
  • Low testosterone levels (men)
  • Alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Thin and/or small frame
  • Calcium and vitamin D deficiency
  • Corticosteroids and anti-seizure medications
  • Medical conditions that weaken calcium absorption



Bone densitometry (DEXA) X-ray:

  • Detects osteoporosis before a fracture occurs
  • Predicts chances of fracturing in the future
  • Determines rate of bone loss
  • Monitors the effects of treatment



Follow your doctor’s recommendations.

  • Take calcium and vitamin D supplements.
  • Eat dairy and dark leafy and green vegetables.
  • Take prescribed medications.



  • Walk or jog regularly.
  • Eat dairy products and dark leafy and green vegetables daily.
  • Limit alcohol intake.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Take calcium and vitamin D supplements.


More Information on Understanding Osteoporosis


Want to use this on your website? Fill out the content usage request form and then copy this code: or download our Understanding Osteoporosis infographic poster (pdf).