Understanding Osteoporosis Make an Appointment Ask a Question Search Conditions Understanding OsteoporosisWhat is Osteoporosis?Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease that weakens the bones and increases the risk of fractures. It is a “silent disease,” because bone loss occurs without symptoms. Risk FactorsWomen and postmenopausal womenMen with significant smoking historyFamily historyInactive lifestyleGetting olderLow testosterone levels (men)AlcoholSmokingThin and/or small frameCalcium and vitamin D deficiencyCorticosteroids and anti-seizure medicationsMedical conditions that weaken calcium absorption DiagnosisBone densitometry (DEXA) X-ray:Detects osteoporosis before a fracture occursPredicts chances of fracturing in the futureDetermines rate of bone lossMonitors the effects of treatment TreatmentFollow your doctor’s recommendations.Take calcium and vitamin D supplements.Eat dairy and dark leafy and green vegetables.Take prescribed medications. PreventionWalk or jog regularly.Eat dairy products and dark leafy and green vegetables daily.Limit alcohol intake.Stop smoking.Take calcium and vitamin D supplements. More Information on Understanding OsteoporosisOsteoporosis OverviewMale Smokers at Higher Risk for OsteoporosisBone Density TestBone HealthPreventing FallsMake an AppointmentFind a Doctor Want to use this on your website? Fill out the content usage request form and then copy this code: or download our Understanding Osteoporosis infographic poster (pdf).