Reviewed by E Brigitte Gottschall, MD

There is no cure for silicosis. This means that prevention of exposure is the most effective defense against silica-related lung disease. However, if the disease is diagnosed treatment is typically supportive with timely treatment of respiratory infections, surveillance for mycobacterial infections such as tuberculosis, immunizations for influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia, supplemental oxygen at rest and/or with exertion if needed, smoking cessation, and regular exercise to maintain overall health and good respiratory muscle strength. On some occasions lung transplant becomes necessary.

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