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Reduce Exposure to Food Allergies

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This information was reviewed and approved by Bruce J. Lanser, MD, MPH (8/1/2015).

The best way to prevent an allergic reaction is to eliminate exposure to the specific type of food allergen. 

  • Know the different names of foods to which you are allergic. For example, lactate solids are a milk product.

  • Read labels carefully to identify foods in packages.

  • Ask about ingredients in food served at a restaurant or a friend's home.

  • Educate caregivers about food allergies.

  • Encourage children with food allergies not to eat food given to them by friends.

  • Have a Food Allergy Action Plan.



  • Use and understand allergy medications.

  • Carry injectable epinephrine (e.g., EpiPen) and an oral antihistamine (e.g., Benadryl, preferably in the liquid or fast-melt preparation) as prescribed for emergencies.

Learn more about your food allergies and how to avoid foods you are allergic to by talking with your doctor or a registered dietitian. Another reliable resource is the Food Allergy Research & Education website (, which is regularly monitored and updated by allergists.

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