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  • Reviewed on 1/14
    By Dr. Kern MD; Alexandra Wilson, RD; Ann Mullen, RN; Michelle O. MacDonald, RD; Dthia Kalkwarf

Diabetes: Lifestyle Management

Things you can do to control your diabetes

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Be active
  • Check your blood sugar
  • Take medication as directed
  • Get your eyes, feet, blood pressure, and cholesterol checked (link to foot check document)
  • Understand how to detect and fix high and low blood sugar (link to hypoglycemia document)


Examples of Foods with Carbohydrates



  • Bagels
  • Bread
  • Cereal (hot and cold)
  • Chips
  • Crackers
  • Pasta / Noodles
  • Popcorn
  • Pretzels
  • Rice
  • Tortillas
  • All fruits
  • All fruit juices



  • Milk, ice cream, yogurt only

       *Not cheese*

Starchy Vegetables

Sweets and Sweet Drinks

  • Beans
  • Corn
  • Peas
  • Potatoes
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Regular soda
  • Energy drinks
  • Juice
  • Coffee drinks
  • Cocoa
  • Sweet teas
  • Candy
  • Cakes and cookies
  • Honey & Jam
  • Muffins
  • Pastries
  • Pies


1 slice of bread (white, wheat, rye, etc.) 15 grams
1/3 cup of cooked pasta 15 grams
1/3 cup of cooked rice 15 grams

Starchy Vegetables

1/2 cup of corn kernels 15 grams
1/2 cup of cooked beans or peas 15 grams
1/2 cup, or one small, potato 15 grams

Milk & Yogurt

1 cup (8 ounces) milk, white/plain 15 grams
Yogurt, 3/4 cup (1 container), plain 15 grams


1 small piece of fruit 15 grams
1 cup cut or diced fruit 15 grams


Lays® potato chips, 1 oz (15-20 crisps) 15 grams
3 cups popped, plain popcorn 15 grams


4 ounces (1/2 cup) fruit juice 15 grams
4 ounces (1/2 cup) regular soda 15 grams

More Lifestyle Management Information
Back to Diabetes
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