Smoking ages women. Smokers have more facial wrinkles, gum disease, dental decay, and halitosis (bad breath). One study found more women smokers had gone grey by age 40. That risk doubled by age 50.
The Surgeon General's Report concluded that smokers are more likely to be depressed than nonsmokers and that women with anxiety disorders are more likely to smoke.
Cigarette smoking has many adverse reproductive and early childhood effects, including an increased risk for infertility, preterm delivery, stillbirth, low birth weight and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
Women smokers often have symptoms of menopause about three years earlier than nonsmokers.
Postmenopausal women who smoke have lower bone density than women who never smoked.
Women who smoke have a bigger risk for hip fracture than never smokers.
Secondhand smoke is a cause of lung cancer among women who have never smoked and is linked to greater heart disease risk.
Women who quit smoking relapse for different reasons than men. Stress, weight control and negative emotions lead to relapse among women.
Among people with COPD, after one year of quitting smoking, women who quit had two times more improvement in lung function compared with men who quit.
The health consequences of smoking – 50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General. – Atlanta, GA. : U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 2014.
This information has been approved by Amy Lukowski, PsyD (August 2015).