Vaccination is protecting us as individuals and as a community. Get answers to questions about getting the vaccine and tips for after vaccination.
No! The vaccine cannot give you COVID-19. The Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines do not contain the pieces needed to make more virus.
The U.S. FDA and other agencies closely monitored vaccine development and in clinical trials that evaluated both the safety and effectiveness of the vaccines, no significant side effects were seen beyond the expected flu-like symptoms.
The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are effective within two to three weeks after completing the second dose. The Johnson & Johnson vaccine is fully effective within four weeks of the one required dose.
Vaccines that are currently approved for distribution in the U.S. (Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson) are about 86% effective against severe disease. They all prevent death and are effective against the current variants.
On May 16, 2021, the CDC stated that if you are fully vaccinated, you can resume activities without physically distancing, except where required by federal, state, local, tribal or territorial laws, rules, regulations and local business and workplace guidelines. If you are not fully vaccinated, you need to continue to stay at least six feet away from others in public or around people outside of your immediate family and household members.
Science is still learning about the virus, the disease and about the vaccine’s effectiveness. If you are fully vaccinated, you can resume activities without wearing a mask or physically distancing, except where required by federal, state, local, tribal or territorial laws, rules, regulations and local business and workplace guidelines. If you are not fully vaccinated, in public you should continue to mask, practice social distancing.
This information was reviewed and approved by Infection Preventionist Rosine Angbanzan, MPH (May 2021).
Learn more about COVID-19 and how it affects specific health conditions in these printable patient education materials.
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