Your health care provider will ask questions about your health and give you a complete checkup. Part of a complete checkup includes a specialized x-ray test called bone densitometry (DEXA), which can:
Detect osteoporosis before a fracture occurs
Predict your chances of fracturing in the future
Determine your rate of bone loss and/or monitor the effects of treatment
Your doctor also may order a urine test to detect calcium loss or markers of bone resorption (the loss of bone through deterioration).