Reviewed by Shaila Gogate, MD
Sometimes patient with an immune deficiency will develop an autoimmune disease.

These are a group of diseases where the immune system attacks parts in the body. Your doctor can monitor for this with blood test and your symptoms.

Because immune deficiency disorders weaken the body's ability to fight off other illnesses, individuals with an immune deficiency disorder become more susceptible to virtually any other disease compared to a person with a fully functioning immune system. Consequently, people with an immune deficiency disorder must take extra care to avoid contracting other illnesses since it is harder for them to fight off those illnesses than others with a healthy immune system.


Preventing Infections

  • Stay away from people who have a cold or other infection.

  • Wash your hands with soap before eating, after outings and after using the toilet. Disinfectant (germ killing) hand wipes or other hand cleaners may be used when a restroom is not available.

  • Clean cuts and scrapes right away with warm, soapy water. Apply antibacterial cream or ointment and cover the cut or scrape with a fresh bandage at least daily. Tell your doctor if any redness or drainage develops.

  • Brush your teeth after meals and floss at least daily. Have a dental exam every six months. Tooth decay and gum diseases are types of infection.

  • There are vaccines available for some common viruses (like the flu) and bacteria (like certain types of pneumonia) that you may want to consider. Getting vaccinated may lessen the severity of symptoms or prevent these infections altogether. Talk to your doctor about whether you should be getting a flu, pneumonococcal, or other vaccine.


 If you notice any of the following, you may have an infection:

  • Fever

  • Chills

  • Nasal congestion or discharge

  • Cough

  • Diarrhea

  • Vomiting

  • Tenderness or pain

  • Unusual discharge

  • Swelling or redness on the skin

If you suspect you have an infection of any kind, call your doctor right away.

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