The first step in diagnosing asthma is a good evaluation. In many cases, a diagnosis of asthma is made based upon your history and symptoms at the time of evaluation. The family history should also be considered, as a positive family history increases a person's chances of developing asthma.
Types of Tests
Tests to evaluate breathing:
- Detailed medical history and physical exam
- Breathing tests called spirometry
- Chest X-rays
Tests to diagnose asthma:
Tests to help manage asthma:
When to See a Specialist
Many people see their family doctor or internal medicine doctor for asthma care. You and your doctor may choose to have you seen by a specialist, such as an allergist or pulmonologist (lung specialist).
We recommend being seen by an allergist or pulmonologist if any one of the following occurs:
Severe asthma episode
Several visits to the hospital or emergency room in the last year
Conditions that complicate asthma such as chronic sinusitis, nasal polyps or vocal cord dysfunction
Frequent treatment with steroid tablets or syrup
Confusion with the diagnosis
Allergies are being considered
Asthma seems to be getting worse
Poor response to medicines
Questions for Your Health Care Provider
No matter what type of doctor you establish a partnership with to provide your asthma care, it is important to ask the following questions:
What is the doctor's overall philosophy about asthma treatment?
Does the doctor or office staff take time to explain what is happening with you, provide education and answer your questions?
What can you do to treat an asthma episode before you call the doctor?
Who (specialist, non-specialist or an associate) will work with you to treat an asthma episode?
Who is responsible for adjusting steroid doses?
In evaluating your progress, remember that asthma is a chronic condition that will change in course from time to time. If you feel that you are not making progress with your current treatment, talk with your doctor about your concerns. If things are not going well, ask your doctor to recommend a specialist. You should not feel embarrassed about asking for another opinion.