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This information has been reviewed and approved by Lisa Maier, MD, MSPH, FCCP (May 2019).

 

Understanding Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis causes the immune system to overreact and produce clusters of inflammation, called granulomas, usually in the lungs.

 

Cause

Sarcoidosis has more than one cause, but the exact cause is still unknown.

 

Seen More Commonly In

  • African, Scandinavian or European descent  
  • Women  
  • Ages 30 to 50

 

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Weight loss
  2. Night sweats
  3.  Low-grade fever
  4. Fatigue
  5. Shortness of breath
  6. Enlarged or painful chest lymph nodes 
  7. Lightheadedness and heart issues
  8. Red, painful, dry eyes; vision issues
  9. Skin that’s raised, pink or purple; painful nodules under the skin
  10. Enlarged spleen or liver

50% of people with sarcoidosis have no symptoms.

 

Diagnosis

  • Medical exam
  • Chest X-ray or CT scan
  • Biopsy showing granulomas

 

Treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation

More Information on Sarcoidosis

 

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