Associated Conditions Make an Appointment Refer a Patient Ask a Question Reviewed by National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. (April 01, 2009) Polymyalgia rheumatica frequently occurs alongside temporal arteritis. It is unclear how or why the two conditions frequently occur together, but some people experience the two simultaneously or after the musculoskeletal symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatic have disappeared. When undiagnosed or untreated, temporal arteritis can cause potentially serious problems, including permanent vision loss and stroke. Thus, it is important to look for symptoms of temporal arteritis in anyone diagnosed with polymyalgia rheumatica. Treatment Clinical Trials For more than 100 years, National Jewish Health has been committed to finding new treatments and cures for diseases. Search our clinical trials.