Early recognition of the disease is essential to allow for early treatment for people with myositis. Because it is a chronic disease with no cure, lasting a long time, people often need medical therapy for many years. The sooner treatment can be started, the better.
There are many medication options for people with myositis. Most people require immunosuppressive medicines to control the inflammation and damage caused by the abnormal immune response. Medicines used in myositis include prednisone, methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclosporine, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide and gamma globulin infusions. Each of these medicines has its own side effect and toxicity profile. They often require regular blood testing and clinical monitoring to ensure safety.
In addition to medical therapy for myositis, most people require physical therapy and rehabilitation. Under the guidance of rehabilitation therapists, patients learn how to appropriately rest, exercise, and strengthen the various muscle groups affected by myositis.
Studies have shown that people with myositis have a higher risk of developing different types of cancer. Although the vast majority of people with myositis do not develop cancer, it is important to be aware of this association and perform age-appropriate cancer screenings.