Avoiding Infections Make an Appointment Refer a Patient Ask a Question Reviewed by Jeffrey James Swigris, DO, MS (September 01, 2017) People with IPF are at increased risk of lung infections. There are a number of measures that can help avoid infections. Vaccines are recommended. The influenza or flu vaccine is recommended yearly, often in the fall. There are two pneumonia vaccines; both are recommended. These vaccines help prevent severe infection from a bacterium that is a common cause of pneumonia. Good hand washing with soap and water is also very important to help prevent the spread of germs and infections. Alcohol based gels are also effective. Use a quarter-sized dollop in your palm, and rub your hands together until they are dry. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Germs are often spread this way. Avoid contact with others when they are sick. IPF: Action Plan Breathing Retraining Clinical Trials For more than 100 years, National Jewish Health has been committed to finding new treatments and cures for diseases. Search our clinical trials.